). Literally, “things
forbidden.” The word has two peculiar, but widely different, acceptations in the
Attic usage. In one of these it implies contraband goods—i. e. those of which the
export (not the import) was prohibited. The chief of these were corn (of which there was a
steady importation) and articles used in the building and equipment of the fleet. An
enumeration of these at different periods of Athenian history is given by Böckh
pp. 53, 54).
In the other sense, it denotes various contumelious epithets, from the application of which
both the living and the dead were protected by special laws (Meier, Att.
, p. 482).