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Ἀρία and Ἀρεία). The most important of the eastern provinces of the ancient Persian Empire, bounded on the east by the Paropamisadae, on the north by the Margiana and by Hyrcania, on the west by Parthia, and on the south by the desert of Carmania. From Aria was derived the name under which all the eastern provinces were included. See Ariana; Persia.

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