An Athenian, surnamed “the Just,” son of Lysimachus, of an ancient and
noble family. He fought at the battle of Marathon, B.C. 490; and in the next year, 489, was
archon. He was the great rival of Themistocles, and
it was through the influence of the latter with the people that he suffered ostracism
(q.v.) in 483 or 482. He was still in exile in 480 at the battle of Salamis, where he did
good service by dislodging the enemy, with a band raised and armed by himself, from the islet
of Psyttalea. He was recalled from banishment after the battle, was appointed general in the
following year (479 B.C.), and commanded the Athenians at the battle of Plataea. In 477, when
the allies had become disgusted with the conduct of Pausanias and the Spartans, he and his
colleague Cimon had the glory of obtaining for Athens the command of the maritime confederacy
(see Confederacy of Delos
); and to Aristides
was by general consent intrusted the task of drawing up its laws and fixing its assessments.
The first tribute of four hundred and sixty talents, paid into a common treasury at Delos,
bore his name. This is his last recorded act. He probably died in 468, and so poor that he
did not leave enough to pay for his funeral. His daughters were portioned by the State, and
his son Lysimachus received a grant of land and of money.
The author of a licentious romance, in prose, entitled Milesiaca
Miletus for its scene. It was translated into Latin by L. Cornelius Sisenna, a contemporary
of Sulla , and became popular with the Romans. The title of his work gave rise to the term
“Milesian” as applied to works of fiction.
Of Thebes, a celebrated Greek painter, who flourished about B.C. 360-330. His pictures were
so much valued that long after his death Attalus, king of Pergamus, offered 600,000 sesterces