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Assertor

or Adsertor. Contains the same root as the verb adserere, which, when coupled with the word manu, signifies to lay hold of a thing, to draw it towards one. Hence the phrase adserere in libertatem, or liberali adserere manu, applies to him who lays his hand on a person reputed to be a slave, and asserts or maintains his freedom. The person who thus maintained the freedom of a reputed slave was called adsertor, and by the laws of the Twelve Tables it was enacted in favour of liberty that such adsertor should not be called on to give security in the sacramenti actio to more than the amount of fifty asses. The person whose freedom was thus claimed was said to be adsertus.

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