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The name of several towns founded or colonized by Augustus. Of these, one of the most important was Augusta Praetoria (Aosta), a town of the Salassi in Upper Italy, at the foot of the Graian and Pennine Alps. The modern town still contains many Roman remains, the most important of which are the town gates and a triumphal arch. In all, seventy cities in different parts of the Roman Empire were named Augusta, among them London (Londinium), which was sometimes styled Augusta Trinobantia from the British tribe, the Trinobantes (Tac. Ann. xiv. 31). See Londinium; Sebasta; Treviri; Vindelici.

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