Aurelius Victor, SextusA Roman historian, born in Africa. He was probably governor of Pannonia under Julian in A.D. 361, and in 389 prefect of Rome. There is a history of the Caesars from Iulius to Constantius, written about A.D. 360, which bears his name. This appears, however, to be no more than a compilation from more comprehensive works, Suetonius being much employed. The same is the case with an Epitome, continued down to the death of Theodosius I. There is also a short but not altogether worthless book, entitled De Viris Illustribus Urbis Romae, which is attributed to Aurelius Victor. It begins with the Alban king Procas, and comes down to Cleopatra. It is not by Aurelius Victor, nor, again, is a little book which has been attributed to him, called Origo Gentis Romanae. This is full of forged quotations, and belongs to a much later period. Editions of all four of these works by Schröter (Leipzig, 1831), in 2 vols. There is also a good separate edition of the De Viris Illustribus, by Keil (Breslau, 1872), and of the Origo, by Sepp, new ed. (Eichstädt, 1885).
|Aureus of Augustus. (British Museum.)|