less correctly Cacabus (κάκκαβος,
). A cooking-pot. The statement of Varro, L. L.
v. 127, vas ubi coquebant cibum, ab eo caccabum appellarunt
, may be accepted in proof
of the meaning of the word, however absurd as an etymology.
The Greek forms κακκάβη
both occur in the Comic Fragments, and the former is as old as
The different processes of boiling and frying are not always clearly distinguished in the
ancient kitchen. (See Sartago
.) It seems certain,
however, that the caccabus was used for boiling meat, vegetables, etc.; and that it was placed
immediately upon the fire, or upon a trivet (tripus
) standing over it.
It is thus distinguished from the aenum
, which was suspended over the
fire (Serv. ad
Verg. Aen. i. 213
); and from the authepsa
(q. v.), which was probably not used for cooking at all. The material varied.
Athenaeus mentions the κακκάβη
as equivalent to the χύτρα
—i. e. the earthen cooking-pot—and so
usually in Latin (fictilis
). But caccabi
sometimes of metal—stanneus
(of tin), or argenteus.
See Colum. R. R.
xii. 42, 1.