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Cethēgus


1.

A Roman consul, in B.C. 332. He was obliged to lay down his office on account of some informality in his election.


2.

M. Cornelius, a distinguished Roman orator. Being sent as praetor to Sicily, he quelled a sedition of the soldiers in that island. He was called to the censorship before he had been consul, a thing not in accordance with Roman usage, and obtained this latter office six years subsequently, B.C. 204. He carried on the war against the Carthaginians in Etruria, and defeated Mago, who was coming with support for Hannibal. In allusion to his persuasive eloquence, Ennius twice calls him Suadae medulla. Horace (Epist. ii. 2.116; A. P. 50) cites him as an authority on the use of words.


3.

C. Cornelius, proconsul in Spain in B.C. 200, defeated a numerous army of the Sedetani. Being elected consul B.C. 197, he gained a great victory over the Insubres, and on his return to Rome obtained the honours of a triumph. The people having afterwards chosen him censor, he assigned distinct places to the senators at the public games.


4.

C. Cornelius, a Roman rendered powerful by his influence with Marius. He himself was wholly governed by a woman named Praecia, who obtained for Lucullus the government of Cilicia.


5.

C. Cornelius, a Roman of the most corrupt and abandoned character, and one of the accomplices of Catiline. He was strangled in prison by order of the Senate. See Catilina.

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