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Chabrias

Χαβρίας). A celebrated Athenian general. In B.C. 378, he was one of the commanders of the forces sent to the aid of Thebes against Agesilaüs, when he adopted for the first time that manœuvre for which he became so celebrated— ordering his men to await the attack with their spears pointed against the enemy and their shields resting on one knee. A statue was afterwards erected at Athens to Chabrias in this posture. In 376, he defeated the Lacedaemonians off Naxos, and in 361 commanded the ships of the Egyptian monarch Tachos, then in rebellion against Persia. At the siege of Chios (B.C. 357) he fell a victim to his excessive valour, refusing to abandon his ship after it was disabled.

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