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Χάος). According to Hesiod, the yawning, unfathomable abyss which was the first of all existing things. From Chaos arose Gaea (Earth), Tartarus (Hell), and Eros (Love). Chaos bore Erebus and Night; from their union sprang Aether and Hemera (Sky and Day). The conception of Chaos as the confused mass out of which, in the beginning, the separate forms of things arose is erroneous, and belongs to a later period.

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