). The modern Scio. One of the largest and most
famous islands of the Aegean, lay opposite to the peninsula of Clazomenae, on the coast of
Ionia. It was colonized by the Ionians at the time of their great migration, and remained an
independent and powerful maritime state till the defeat of the Ionian Greeks by the Persians,
B.C. 494, after which the Chians were subjected to the Persians. The battle of
Mycalé, 479, freed Chios from the Persian yoke, and it became a member of the
Athenian League, in which it was for a long time the closest and most favoured ally of Athens;
but an unsuccessful attempt to revolt, in 412, led to its conquest and devastation. Chios was
celebrated for its wine and marble. Of all the States which aspired to the honour of being the
birthplace of Homer, Chios was generally considered by the ancients to have the best claim;
and it numbered among its natives the historian Theopompus, the poet Theocritus, and other
eminent men. Its chief
Coin of Chios.
city, Chios (Khio), stood on the eastern side of the island.