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Circitōres, Circuitōres

περίπολοι). Horsemen who made the rounds in the Roman camp, and inspected the sentry posts. Four of these inspectors, who were selected for this duty every day, according to a regular cycle, received from the tribune written instructions as to the time when they were to visit each post, and the number of posts to be visited. After receiving their orders, they went and posted themselves by the first maniple of the triarii, the centurion of which was required to see that the hours of the watch were properly given by the sound of the trumpet; then, when the time came, the circuitor of the first watch proceeded on his rounds to all the posts; if he found the guards awake and on duty, he took their tablets; if he found them asleep, or any one absent from his post, he called upon the friends who accompanied him to witness the fact, and so passed on to the next post. The same was done by the circuitores of the other watches. The next morning, all the inspectors appeared before the tribunes, and presented the tablets they had received; any guard whose tablet was not produced was required to account for it. If the fault lay with the circuitor, he was liable to a stoning, which was generally fatal. See Castra.

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