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Κνωσός, more correct than Cnossus, Κνωσσός, if we follow the language of coins; also Gnōsus). The royal city of Crete, on the northern coast, at a small distance from the sea. Its earlier name was Caeratus, which appellation was given also to the inconsiderable stream that flowed beneath its walls. It was indebted to Minos for all its importance and splendour. That monarch is said to have divided the island into three portions, in each of which he founded a large city; and fixing his residence at Cnosus, it became the capital of the kingdom. It was here that Daedalus (q.v.) cultivated his art and planned the celebrated labyrinth.

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