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Cobet, Carel Gabriel

, one of the most acute of modern text-critics and a Hellenist of great learning, was born at Paris, November 28th, 1813. He studied at The Hague and at the University of Leyden (1831-40), and showed so much ability as a philologist and student of classical antiquity that in 1840 the Dutch government sent him to Italy to pursue certain archæological investigations. In 1844 he was admitted to the doctorate at Leyden, and in 1846 became professor. He died October 26th, 1889. His publications are numerous and of great value, especially in the line of textual criticism, for which he showed great originality, sagacity, and insight. They are as follows: Observationes Criticae in Platonis Comici Reliquias (Amsterdam, 1840); Oratio de Arte Interpretandi Grammatices et Critices—his inaugural address—(1847); Praefatio Lectionum de Historia Vetere (1853); Variae Lectiones quibus Continentur Observationes Criticae in Scriptores Graecos (1854; 2d ed. 1873); an edition of Hyperides (1858); of Lysias (Amsterdam, 1863); of Xenophon's Hellenica (1862); of Diogenes Laertius, in the Didot collection (Paris, 1850; 2d ed. 1862); Miscellanea Philologica et Critica (1873); Miscellanea Critica (1876); Observationes Criticae in Dionysii Halicarnassensis Antiquitates Romanas (1877); and Collectanea Critica (1878). He also edited for many years the philological journal Mnemosyne (Bibliotheca Philologica Batava), published at Leyden. See Hartmann, in the Bibliogr. Jahrbuch, xii. pp. 53 foll. (Berlin, 1889); id. De Carolo Gabriele Cobet (Berlin, 1890).

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