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(also Harundo; in Greek κάλαμος). A reed. Reeds were extensively used by the ancients for thatching; for making mats and other kinds of plaited work; and in the following uses:


In music, to form the pandean pipes (σῦ-

Calamus, Pan's Pipe. (From terra-cotta relief.)

ριγξ), which consisted of reeds of different lengths fastened by wax, as shown in the accompanying cut, taken from a terra-cotta relief in the British Museum. See Syrinx.


A light flute formed of a single reed.


The shaft of an arrow.


A reed pen (calamus scriptorius), sharpened like the modern quill pen with a knife, and cleft at the point. The best reeds for pen-making came from Egypt and Cnidus. These reed pens are still known in the East, and the Arabs use the word kalam to denote them. They were carried in a sort of writing-case called theca calamaria (καλαμίς). (Cf. Suet. Claud. 35.) See Writing and Writing Materials.


A fishing-rod.


The fowler's limed rod, which was sometimes composed of separate joints, so that it could be lengthened to suit the fowler's convenience. It was then called harundo crescens or texta, as well as calamus ( Petr. Sat. 109).


A light Egyptian boat made of reeds (canna, Juv.v. 89).


A horizontal rod passed through the warp in weaving (harundo, Ovid, Met. vi. 55). See Tela.

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