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κάλυθος, τάλαθος). A Greek word though found in Roman authors, the pure Latin word being qualus or qualum. The name calathus is applied to the following objects:


A woman's work-basket, especially one that

Slave presenting her Mistress with a Calathus.

contained the materials for spinning. It was generally made of osiers or reeds, but sometimes of silver; and was narrow at the bottom and broad at the top, as in the annexed illustration taken from a painted vase (Millin).


A similar basket used for carrying fruits, flowers, grain, etc.


A vessel shaped like a wicker calathus and used for holding milk; also a wine-cup of like shape ( Georg. iii. 402).


As a religious emblem, the calathus was carried in honour of Demeter and of Tellus as denoting abundance; and is found in connection with Athené, the goddess of the art of weaving. Priestesses are also represented as wearing the calathus on their heads, and in imperial times the god Serapis (q.v.) is thus depicted.

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