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Congius

A Roman liquid measure containing six sextarii (Carm. de Pond. 72), or the eighth part of the amphora. It was equal to the χοῦς of the Greeks, about 5.76 pints.

There is a congius in existence, known as the Farnese congius, but now at Dresden, bearing an inscription which states that it was made in the year A.D. 75, according to the standard measure in the Capitol, and that it contained, by weight, ten pounds. This congius is one of the means by which the attempt has been made to fix the weight of the Roman pound. See Libra.

Cato tells us that he was wont to give to each of his slaves a congius of wine at the Saturnalia and the Compitalia. Pliny relates, among other examples of hard drinking, that Novellius Torquatus of Mediolanum obtained a cognomen (tricongius, “a nine-bottle man”) by drinking three congii of wine at one sitting ( H. N. xiv. 144).

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