Corpus Iuris Civīlis
The name given since the sixteenth century to the great collection of authorities on Roman
law, made by the lawyer Tribonianus, of Sidé in Pamphylia, at the instance of the
Eastern emperor Justinian (A.D. 527-565). To this collection we owe the preservation of the
treasures of the ancient jurisprudence, which must certainly otherwise have been lost. The
consists of four parts:
, as being the revised edition of a code now
lost, but which had appeared in 529. This was published in 534, and contains in twelve books
the imperial law (ius principale
), or the constitutiones
of the emperors since Hadrian.
, or Digesta
. The law of the jurists (ius vetus
published A.D. 533, are extracts from the works of thirty-nine ancient jurists, arranged in
fifty books, according to subjects.
. A handbook of
jurisprudence, founded mostly upon Gaius , and published in the same year.
or supplementary ordinances of Justinian, mostly in Greek. These are preserved only in
private collections of various compass, one of which, the Authenticum
, was recognized as the authorized text, and gives the
Greek rescripts in a Latin version. The best modern edition of the Corpus Iuris
is that by Mommsen, Schöll, and Krüger (Berlin, 4th