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Cortōna

One of the twelve cities of Etruria, and very ancient. It lies northwest of Lake Trasimenus, over which it looks from an elevation of some 2000 feet. It has mighty walls of Pelasgic origin, among the most remarkable in Italy, one fragment composed of enormous blocks being 120 feet in length. The city is said to have been founded by the Umbri (q. v.), from whom it was wrested by the Etruscans. After becoming a Roman possession it sank into insiguificance. A vast number of most interesting Etruscan remains have been found here, and are carefully preserved in the local museum. Roman tradition made Corythus, the father of Dardanus, the founder of the town, and Corythus is sometimes given as its early name.

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