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Corycus

Κώρυκος).


1.

A promontory of Ionia, southeast of the southern extremity of Chios. The high and rugged coast in this quarter harboured at one time a wild and daring population, greatly addicted to piracy; and who, by disguising themselves and frequenting the harbours in their vicinity, obtained private information of the course and freight of any merchant vessel, and concerted measures for the purpose of intercepting it. The secrecy with which their intelligence was procured gave rise to the proverb, Τοῦ δ̓ ἄῤ Κωρυκαῖος ἠκροάζετο, “This, then, the Corycean overheard,” a saying that was used in cases where any carefully guarded secret had been discovered. The ancient appellation is still preserved in that of Kourko, which belongs to a bold headland forming the extreme point of the Erythrean peninsula towards Samos Pliny (Pliny H. N. v. 31) calls it Coryceum Promontorium.


2.

A small town of Cilicia Trachea, near the confines of Cilicia Campestris, on the sea-coast, and to the east of Seleucia Trachea. It appears to have been a fortress of great strength, and a mole of vast unhewn rocks is carried across the bay for about a hundred yards. It served at one time as the harbour of Seleucia, and was then a place of considerable importance. About twenty stadia inland was the Corycian cave (Κωρύκιον ἄντρον), celebrated in mythology as the fabled abode of the giant Typhoeus. In fact, many writers, as Strabo reports, placed Arima or Arimi, the scene of Typhoeus's torments, alluded to by Homer, in Cilicia, while others sought it in Lydia, and others in Campania.


3.

A naval station on the coast of Lycia, about thirty stadia to the north of Olympus.

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