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Crates

Κράτης).


1.

A celebrated Athenian poet of the Old Comedy, who began to flourish B.C. 449.


2.

Of Thebes, a pupil of the Cynic Diogenes, and one of the most distinguished of the Cynic philosophers, flourished about B.C. 320. (See Cynici.)


3.

Of Mallus in Cilicia, a celebrated grammarian, who founded the school of grammar at Pergamus, and wrote a commentary on the Homeric poems (Διορθωτικά) in opposition to Aristarchus. In B.C. 157, he was sent by Attalus to Rome as an ambassador, where he was the first to introduce the study of grammar. Besides his Homeric studies, Crates wrote commentaries on Euripides and Aristophanes and a treatise on the Attic dialect (Περὶ Ἀττικῆς Διαλέκτου). See Wachsmuth, De Cratete Mallota (Leipzig, 1860); Susemihl, Geschichte d. griech. Litt. in der Alexandr. Zeit, ii. pp. 4-12 and 703; Conze, in the Berl. Acad. Sitzungsber. (1884); and Consbruch, in the Comment. in Honorem Studemundi (Strassburg, 1889). Also the articles Grammatica; Philology.

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