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A wooden cask, butt, or barrel, used like the largest earthen vessel, the dolium, to receive the fresh must from the wine-press (torcular) and to contain it during the process of fermentation. The cupa was always of wood; the dolium, like the amphora, always of earthenware. Hence of the derivatives, Fr. cuve, cuvier, Eng. cooper, follow the original meaning; while in It. coppa, Fr. coupe, Eng. cup, it is modified. The inferior wines were drawn for drinking from the cupa, without being bottled in amphorae; whence vinum de cupa is equivalent to our expression “from the wood.”


Part of an olive-press. See Trapetum.

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