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Κύρου Παιδεία). A species of historical romance in eight books by Xenophon, professing to give an account of the early years of Cyrus the Great, but in reality setting forth an ideal system of kingly government. Some have considered the Cyropaedia as a criticism of the first two books of Plato's Republic, on which see Aulus Gellius, xiv. 3. It is the longest and most ambitious of all the works of Xenophon, and is interesting as containing in the form of an episode the earliest specimen of a love-romance—the story of the love of Abradatus and Panthea. The last chapter of the work is probably spurious. (See Mahaffy, Hist. of Class. Gk. Lit. ii. pp. 280-282.) Good editions are those of Breitenbach and Hertlein (1874); and Holden (1890).

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