previous next


κύριος). A lord or guardian; a person charged with the protection of such members of a family as were regarded as incapable of protecting themselves. The early law of all countries takes notice of families only; in other words, it only takes notice of persons exercising patria potestas. Attic law, therefore, subordinates a woman to her bloodrelations; though relieved from her parent's authority by his death, she continues subject through life to her nearest male relations as guardians (Maine, Ancient Law, p. 152 foll.). During marriage, of course, her husband was her κύριος; but when this relation was terminated by death or divorce, she acquired no more freedom than before, but returned to the guardianship of her own family. The term κύριος is applied to males only during minority; the κύριος of such was first, of course, the father, secondly the guardian appointed by his will, thirdly the nearest male relative. In cases of adoption, the natural father remained no longer the κύριος of the adoptee. See Adoptio; Epitropos; Kakosis.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: