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Camarīna

Καμαρῖνα). A town on the southern coast of Sicily, at the mouth of the Hipparis, founded by Syracuse, B.C. 599. It was several times destroyed by Syracuse; and in the First Punic War was taken by the Romans, and most of the inhabitants sold as slaves.

Near the walls on the north was the Palus Camarina, which was a marshy pool formed by the stagnation of the Hipparis near its mouth. Its miasmatic vapours made the city unhealthy, for which reason the inhabitants were anxious to drain it, but were counselled by the Delphic Oracle not to do it (Μὴ κίνει Καμάριναν: ἀκίνητος γὰρ ἀμείνων). In spite of this advice, the marsh was drained, and in consequence the city was laid open to attack on that side, and was captured. The story is doubtless apocryphal, but the words of the oracle passed into a proverb among the Greeks. See Verg. Aen. iii. 700, 701 and Serv. ad loc.

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