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Camerarius, Joachim

Kammermeister), born at Bamberg, April 12th, 1500, was next to Melanchthon among the scholars who contributed to reviving the study of classical antiquities in Germany. His family, originally Liebhard, established itself towards the middle of the fifteenth century in Franconia, and assumed the name of Camerarius from the hereditary office of chamberlain to the Prince-Bishop of Bamberg. Joachim was first led to the study of the classics by George Helt, at the University of Leipzig. In 1518, he went to Erfurt and began to teach Greek, and in 1521 joined Melanchthon at Wittenberg. He published a translation of the First Olynthiac of Demosthenes in 1524, and, after worsting Erasmus at Bâle, was appointed in 1526 Professor of Greek at Nuremberg, and was sent in 1530 as delegate to Augsburg, where he took a large part in the preparation of the Confession. In 1535 he was called to Tübingen, where he founded the classical course, and after six years undertook with great success the reorganization of the University of Leipzig, where he remained for the rest of his life. He died in 1574. Camerarius was renowned not only as a great teacher, but especially as an industrious editor. He was among the first to revise texts with scientific care, and left nearly 150 works on varied subjects. Besides a number of biographies and books connected with the Reformation, his chief work is his Commentarii Linguae Graecae et Latinae (Bâle, 1551). He also edited the orations of Demosthenes, Sophocles (1556), Quintilian (1534), Cicero, 4 vols. (1540), Herodotus, Thucydides, Plautus (1552), Theocritus, the Ethics of Aristotle, Theophrastus, and wrote a numismatical work, Historia Rei Nummariae. See Bursian, Geschichte der Class. Philologie (Munich, 1883), pp. 185-190; and W. Pökel, Philolog. Schriftstellerlexicon (Leipzig, 1882).

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