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Κάνωπος) or Canōbus. An important city on the coast of Lower Egypt, twelve geographical miles east of Alexandria. It was near the westernmost mouth of the Nile, which was hence called the Canopic mouth. It was celebrated for a great temple of Serapis, for its commerce, its luxury, and its debauchery. Here was prepared the dye known as henna, which the women of the East have always used to stain their finger-tips (Herod.ii. 113). Before the founding of Alexandria (q.v.) it was a most important place, but after B.C. 300, its greatness declined.

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