A word which from the sense of “head,” literal or metaphorical
(including under the latter the meaning of “source,”
“beginning”), comes to signify:
A single person or thing as distinct from an aggregate (
Inst. iii. 16, 6
6, 1, 1, 3). Hence perhaps its
use to express a “chapter” of a law (Dig.
9, 2, 2, pr.)
and a territorial unit for the purpose of land taxation under the later Empire
A human being (B. G.
iv. 15), e. g. as a subject of the poll-tax
50, 4, 18, 8); and in this sense even slaves may be included, as in the
phrase noxalis actio caput sequitur
Inst. iv. 8, 5
). But there is a
tendency to restrict the term to citizens of some substance; thus the lowest century of
Servius Tullius comprised the proletarii
of whom the latter, having little or no property, were barely rated as so many
of citizens (Gell. xvi. 10
A human being regarded as capable of legal rights (= persona
That capacity or those legal rights themselves.