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Δαίδαλος, “cunning artificer”). The mythical Greek representative of all handiwork, especially of Attic and Cretan art. As such he was worshipped by the artists' guilds, especially in Attica. He is said to have been the son of the Athenian Metion, son of Eupalamus (the ready-handed), and grandson of Erechtheus. He was supposed to

Daedalus and Icarus. (Rome, Villa Albani.)

have been the first artist who represented the human figure with open eyes, and feet and arms in motion. Besides being an excellent architect, he was said to have invented many implements— the axe, for instance, the awl, and the bevel. His own nephew Talus (son of his sister Perdix) appeared likely to surpass him in readiness and originality. The invention of the saw, which he copied from the jawbone of a snake, of the potter's wheel, of the turning-lathe, of the axe, of the plumbline, of glue, of the gimlet, and of other things of this kind, was attributed to him. Daedalus was so jealous of him that he threw him from the Acropolis; and, being detected in the act of burying the body, was condemned by the Areopagus, and fled to Crete to King Minos. Here, among other things, he made the labyrinth at Gnosus for the Minotaur. (See Labyrinthus.) He and his son Icarus were themselves confined in it, because he had given Ariadné (q.v.) the clue with which she guided Theseus through the maze. But the father and son succeeded in escaping, and fled over the sea upon wings of wax feathers made by Daedalus. Icarus, however, approached too near to the sun, so that the wax melted, and he fell into the sea and was drowned. The sea was called after him the Icarian, and the island on which his body was thrown up and buried by Heracles was called Icaria. Daedalus went to Camicus in Sicily, to King Cocalus, whose daughter loved him for his art, and slew Minos, who came in pursuit of him. He was supposed to have died in Sicily, where buildings attributed to him were shown in many places, as also in Sardinia, Egypt, and Italy, particularly at Cumae. In Greece a number of ancient wooden images were supposed to be his work—in particular a statue of Heracles at Thebes, which Daedalus was said to have made in gratitude for the burial of Icarus. Besides Icarus, Daedalus had a second son, Iapyx, said to be the founder of the Iapyges. See Daedala.

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