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Nicolāüs (Νικόλαος Δαμασκηνός). A Greek historical and philosophical writer who lived in the Augustan Age. His name is derived from that of his birthplace, Damascus. He was an intimate friend of Herod the Great, whom he survived. His chief work was a universal history in 144 books, of which only a few fragments remain. He also wrote an autobiography, a life of Augustus, a life of Herod, and some philosophical works. The standard edition of his fragments is that of Orelli (Leipzig, 1804; suppl. 1811).

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