, “ten,” and consequently a company of
ten persons (Colum. i. 9.7).
A division of the curiae.
Each of the three ancient Roman
tribes—the Ramnes, Tities, and Luceres—was divided into ten curiae
, and each curia
into ten decuriae, so that there
were 300 decuriae, which, according to Niebuhr, were equivalent to the gentes
, but this is doubtful (Dionys. ii. 7
Plut. Rom. 20
; de Rep.
The constitution of the curiae
is discussed under Curia
. See also Gens
A corresponding division of the Senate. The original hundred members of the Senate were
divided into ten decuriae, the heads of each decuria forming the Decem Primi in the Senate.
(See Decem Primi
). In like manner in the municipal towns the Senate, usually
, was divided into decuriae. See Decuriones
In the same way for military purposes each of the three Roman tribes was represented by 100
equites, called centuriae.
The three centuriae
divided into ten turmae
, each consisting of thirty men; every turma
contained ten Ramnes, ten Tities, and ten Luceres, and each of these
was commanded by a decurio
; Varr. L. L.
v. 91). See Equites
The Iudices were divided into three decuriae, to which Augustus added a fourth, and
Caligula a fifth decuria. See Iudex
Collegia or corporations were divided into decuriae. Thus we read of decuriae of scribae
, lictors, viatores, etc. The members of these decuriae were called
The tribes were divided into decuriae by electioneering agents for bribery and corruption
(Cic. Planc. 18, 45
; Cic. Planc. 19, 47
). See Ambitus