, “Father Dives” or The Rich). The ruler of
the world below, worshipped by the Romans as the god who corresponded to the Greek Pluto
(q.v.). His worship, like that of Proserpina, was
first introduced in the early days of the Republic, at the command of the Sibylline
Books. Dis Pater had a chapel near the altar of Saturnus, and a subterranean altar on the
Campus Martius in common with Proserpina. This was only opened when, as at the Secular Games,
sacrifices were offered to both. The victims offered thus were black animals.