A present of money made to Roman soldiers. In the republican age donatives were distributed
on the occasion of a triumph, the expense being defrayed out of the money raised by selling
the spoil. Under the Empire it was usual for the emperor to grant a donativum
on his accession. Tiberius on this occasion made a present of some $3,750,000
to the army; and the sum increased in later reigns. After the time of Claudius it became
the fashion for the emperor to purchase the favour of the praetorians by a special largess.