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Dositheus

Δωσίθεος). A grammarian who flourished towards the end of the fourth century A.D. He wrote a Latin grammar for Greek boys, with a literal Greek translation, which was not fully completed. With this was bound up (whether by Dositheus himself is uncertain) a miscellany of very various contents by another author. This comprises


1.

anecdotes of the emperor Hadrian;


2.

fables of Aesop;


3.

an important chapter on jurisprudence;


4.

mythological stories from Hyginus;


5.

an abridgment of the Iliad;


6.

an interesting collection of words and phrases from ordinary conversation, styled Ἑρμηνεύματα. The Latin grammar has the Greek translation inserted in the Latin text, thus: αρς τέχνη grammatica γραμματική est ἐστίν scientia γνῶσις. The Latin is the text of a grammar now lost, Dositheus making only the Greek translation. A separate edition of the grammar is that of Keil (Halle, 1869-71). Other parts of the work are edited by Böcking (Bonn, 1832), and Keil, Grammatici Latini, vii. 424. See Hagen, De Dosithei Magistri quae Feruntur Glossis (Berne, 1877); and Schönemann, De Lexicographis Antiquis (Bonn, 1886).

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