(those who are summoned or called out). The term applied in the Roman army to
soldiers who had served their time and obtained their dismissal, but who, upon the
general summoning them by name, returned to the service on condition of receiving certain
privileges. These were, exemption from all service except in battle, a rank and pay equal to
those of the centurions, and prospect of advancement. The enlistment of evocati
was especially common in the civil wars. Sometimes they were distributed in the
legion, sometimes they formed a special and select troop, divided into centuriae.
We sometimes find them, in isolated instances, under the early Empire. On
the difference between them and the veterani
, see Veterani
. They are represented on sepulchral monuments with the vine-rod
) in one hand, a sword on the left side (parazonium
), and a roll of paper, indicating, perhaps, their carte of discharge, in the
other; as shown by the above illustration, from a sepulchral marble, which also bears the
inscription Iulianus. Evok. See Cic.
Fam. iii. 6
; B. G.
vii. 65; B. C.