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Eleuthĕro-Cilĭces

A name given to those of the Cilicians who had fled to the mountains when the Greek settlers established themselves in that country. The appellation, which means “Free Cilicians,” has reference to their independent mode of life. The Greeks, however, connected a fable with this. According to them, when Myrina, queen of the Amazons, was extending her conquests over Asia Minor, the Cilicians were the only people that voluntarily surrendered to her, and hence they were allowed to retain their freedom (Diod. Sic.iii. 55). Cicero came in contact with them during his government in Cilicia and partially brought them under the Roman sway, but they soon after became as free and independent as ever (Ad Fam. xv. 4; Ad Att. v. 20).

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