A name given to those of the Cilicians who had fled to the mountains when the Greek
settlers established themselves in that country. The appellation, which means “Free
Cilicians,” has reference to their independent mode of life. The Greeks, however,
connected a fable with this. According to them, when Myrina, queen of the Amazons, was
extending her conquests over Asia Minor, the Cilicians were the only people that
voluntarily surrendered to her, and hence they were allowed to retain their freedom (Diod. Sic.iii. 55
). Cicero came in contact with them during his
government in Cilicia and partially brought them under the Roman sway, but they soon after
became as free and independent as ever (Ad Fam.
xv. 4; Ad Att.