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Enechyra

ἐνέχυρα). A word denoting the goods, usually movables, handed over to a creditor as security—as, for example, bronze, slaves, horses, etc. It was forbidden to pledge weapons and agricultural implements (Plut. 450; Diod.i. 79), or slaves already mortgaged to a creditor. If the money advanced was not paid back by the time specified, the security passed into the possession of the creditor (Demosth. c. Aphob. ii. p. 841.18).

The right of taking property in pledge is stipulated in some inscriptions for breach of contract (C. I. A. ii. Nos. 565, 11; 600, 36). No seizure of this sort could take place during several of the religious festivals of the Athenians, such as the Dionysia, the Lenaea, the Thargelia, etc. (Att. Process, ed. Lipsius, p. 338, n. 393).

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