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Epangelia

ἐπαγγελία). If a citizen of Athens had incurred ἀτιμία, the privilege of taking part or speaking in the public assembly was forfeited. (See Atimia.) But as it sometimes might happen that a person, though not formally declared ἄτιμος, had committed such crimes as would, on accusation, draw upon him this punishment, it was, of course, desirable that such individuals, like real ἄτιμοι, should be excluded from the exercise of the rights of citizens. Whenever, therefore, such a person ventured to speak in the assembly, any Athenian citizen had the right to come forward in the assembly itself and demand of him to establish his right to speak by a trial or examination of his conduct (δοκιμασία τοῦ βίου), and this demand, denouncement, or threat was called ἐπαγγελία or ἐπαγγελία δοκιμασίας. The impeached individual was then compelled to desist from speaking, and to submit to a scrutiny into his conduct and if he was convicted a formal declaration of ἀτιμία followed.

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