). A fine imposed by a magistrate on any official,
or official body, for a misdemeanor. The various magistrates at Athens had, each in his own
department, a summary penal jurisdiction—i. e. for certain offences they might
inflict a pecuniary mulct or fine, not exceeding a fixed amount; if the offender deserved
further punishment, it was their duty to bring him before a judicial tribunal, the magistrate
proposing the penalty. Thus, in case of injury done to orphans and heiresses, or of misconduct
at the great Dionysia, the archon might fine the parties; the generals could fine a phylarch
for disobedience; the same power belonged to the τειχοποιοί
27). If the person fined would not submit to it, the magistrate had
to lay the case before a court (pro Milit.
11): that was always required when a
demarch imposed a fine (C. I. A.
ii. 573 b). The amount of the fine (τέλος
) which the individual magistrate might inflict, we do not know;
the Senate of Five Hundred was competent to fine to the extent of 500 drachmas.
are to be distinguished from the penalties
awarded by a jury or court of law (τιμήματα
) upon a formal
prosecution, and from the fine of a thousand drachmas, which the accuser in a public action
incurred when he dropped his accusation or failed to obtain a fifth part of the votes, or when
a citizen refused to obey the summons to appear as a witness in court; in all these cases the
magistrates had no discretionary power.