). Voluntary contributions, either in money,
arms, or ships, which were made by the Athenian citizens in order to meet the extraordinary
demands of the State. When the expenses of the State were greater than its revenue, it was
usual for the prytanes to summon an assembly of the people, and after explaining the
necessities of the State, to call upon the citizens to contribute according to their means.
Those who were willing to contribute then rose and mentioned what they would give, while those
who were unwilling to give anything remained silent or retired privately from the assembly.
The names of those who had promised to contribute, together with the amount of their
contributions, were written on tablets, which were placed before the statues of the Eponymi,
where they remained till paid.
, or voluntary contributions, were
frequently very large. Sometimes the more wealthy citizens voluntarily undertook a trierarchy,
or the expenses of equipping a trireme (Demosth. c. Mid.
p. 566.161). We read
that Pasion furnished 1000 shields, together with five triremes, which he equipped at his own
expense (Demosth. c. Steph.
i. p. 1127.85). The liberality of Demosthenes
himself was especially noteworthy; and his acts of munificence were recorded in the decree by
which a crown was voted to him.