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Fabricius

Ioannes Albertus (Johann Albert Faber). A celebrated bibliographer, born at Leipzig, November 11, 1668. He studied at Leipzig and Quedlinburg, taking the degrees in philosophy, and afterwards pursuing medicine and theology. At Quedlinburg, two books that he found in the library of Samuel Schmidt (Barthuiss's Adversaria and Morhoff's Polyhistor) gave him the suggestions that led to the preparation of his two great works, the Bibliotheca Latina and the still more important Bibliotheca Graeca. The first appeared at Hamburg in 1697, and was revised and emended by Ernesti in three volumes (Leipzig, 1773). Its secondary title explains its scope: Notitia Auctorum Veterum Latinorum Quorumcumque Scripta ad Nos Venerunt. The divisions adopted in this compilation are,


1.

The writers preceding the age of Tiberius;


2.

The writers from Tiberius to the Antonines;


3.

The writers from the Antonines to the decay of the language;


4.

The fragments from old authors, with chapters on the early Christian literature. The Bibliotheca Graeca is further styled Notitia Scriptorum Veterum Graecorum Quorumcumque Monumenta Integra aut Fragmenta Edita Extant, tum Plerorumque e Manuscript. ac Deperditis. This work, which has been styled maximus antiquae eruditionis thesaurus, is in fourteen quarto volumes, appearing at Hamburg at intervals from 1705 to 1728, and subsequently revised by Harles (Hamburg, 1790). Its divisions are marked off by Homer, Plato, Christ, Constantine, and by the capture of Constantinople in 1453, with a sixth section devoted to canon law, medicine, and jurisprudence. Besides these two great compilations, Fabricius, who was a most voluminous writer, put forth 126 other works, some of them, however, being books that he edited only, and none of them of any especial interest to the classical student.

Fabricius held at different times the posts of librarian and Professor of Rhetoric and Ethics (1699), and Rector of the School of St. John at Hamburg. He declined chairs at Greifswald (1701) and Wittenberg. He died at Hamburg, April 30, 1736. The details of his life are given by his sonin-law, Reimar, in his work De Vita et Scriptis J. A. Fabricii Commentarius (Hamburg, 1757).

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