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Favorīnus

Φαβωρῖνος). A native of Arelaté in Gaul, who lived at Rome during the reigns of Trajan and Hadrian, and enjoyed a high degree of consideration. He is said to have been born an hermaphrodite or a eunuch, yet was once charged with adultery by a Roman of rank; so that he afterwards used to boast of three things—that being a eunuch, he had been accused of adultery; that though a Gaul, he both wrote and spoke Greek; and that though he had given offence to the emperor, he still lived. He wrote numerous works, but no part of them has reached us except a few fragments in Stobaeus. Aulus Gellius, however, has preserved for us some of his dissertations in a Latin dress (Noct. Att. xii. 1; xiv. 1, 2; xvii. 10). Gellius, in fact, regarded him with great admiration, and in his Noctes Atticae plays Boswell in a mild way to Favorinus's Johnson. Favorinus loved to write on topics out of the common path, and more or less whimsical; he composed, for example, a eulogy on Thersites, another on quartan fever, etc. Having had the misfortune to offend the emperor Hadrian, his statues, which the Athenians had raised to him, were thrown down by that same people. He bequeathed his library and mansion at Rome to Herodes Atticus. Favorinus was a friend of Plutarch, who dedicated a work to him. For further particulars relating to this individual, consult Philostratus (Vit. Sophist. i. 8, 1), and Lucian (Eunuch. 7; Demon. 12 foll.), and Prof. Nettleship's paper on Aulus Gellius in his Lectures and Essays, etc. (1885).

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