The ancient capital of Northern Etruria, afterwards known as Bononia (Bologna), a name
given to it by the Romans after they had conquered the Boii (B.C. 191), the Boii having taken
the place from the Etruscans (Livy, xxxiii. 37
, etc.). Here
Octavianus, Antony, and Lepidus arranged the terms of the Second Triumvirate (Suet. Aug. 96
). See Burton, Etruscan
. Under the Empire the city was sometimes the chosen residence
of the emperors. In the Middle Ages it became a place of great importance.