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The ancient capital of Northern Etruria, afterwards known as Bononia (Bologna), a name given to it by the Romans after they had conquered the Boii (B.C. 191), the Boii having taken the place from the Etruscans (Livy, xxxiii. 37, etc.). Here Octavianus, Antony, and Lepidus arranged the terms of the Second Triumvirate (Suet. Aug. 96). See Burton, Etruscan Bologna (1876). Under the Empire the city was sometimes the chosen residence of the emperors. In the Middle Ages it became a place of great importance.

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