). Shears (Serv. in
Verg. Aen. viii. 453
in shearing sheep, as represented in the annexed illus
Forfex, shears. (From a gem.)
tration, which is taken from a carnelian in the Stosch collection of antique gems
in cutting hair (Schol. in
in clipping hedges, myrtles, and other shrubs (ψαλιστοὶ
, Hierocles, ap.
65, p. 415).
In military manœuvres the forfex was a body of troops arranged in the form of a
V, so as to receive and overcome the opposite body, called a cuneus
(Gell. x. 9
In architecture the term ψαλίς
denoted a construction
which was probably the origin of the arch, consisting of two stones leaning against each
other so as to form an acute angle overhead, as is seen in the ruins of Tiryns. See p. 117.