dim. Formŭla, Formella
). A pattern, a mould; any contrivance adapted to convey its own shape to
some plastic or flexible material, including moulds for making pottery, pastry, cheese,
bricks, and coins. Several moulds for use in cookery are among the kitchen utensils
Forma, Mould for Coins.
found at Pompeii. The moulds for coins were made of a kind of stone which was
indestructible by heat (Pliny , Pliny H. N. xxxvi.
). The mode of pouring into them the molten metal for casting the coins will be
best understood from the preceding illustration, which represents one side of a mould,
engraved by Seroux d'Agincourt. For the moulds used in casting terra-cottas, see Ectypus
. The shoemaker's last was also called forma, formula
, and tentipellium
, and in Greek καλόπους
). The spouts and channels of aqueducts were likewise styled