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Fulvius


1.

L. Curvus. Consul in the year B.C. 322, and, six years after, master of the horse to the dictator L. Aemilius (Livy, viii. 38; ix. 21).


2.

M. Curvus Paetīnus. Consul in place of T. Minucius, B.C. 305. He took the city of Bovianum, in the country of the Samnites (Livy, ix. 44).


3.

Cn. Paetīnus. Consul B.C. 300. He gained a memorable victory over the Samnites near Bovianum, and enjoyed a triumph. Three years after he carried on successful operations in Etruria as propraetor (Livy, ix. 44; xv. 91).


4.

Ser. Paetīnus Nobilior. Consul in B.C. 255, along with Aemilius Paulus Lepidus. These two commanders sailed for Africa after the overthrow of Regulus by the Carthaginians, gained a naval victory, compelled the foe to raise the siege of Clypea, and carried off an immense booty from the Carthaginian territories. They were shipwrecked, however, on their return to Italy, and of 200 vessels only eighty were saved.


5.

Q. Flaccus. Consul in B.C. 237, 224, 212, and 209. He defeated Hanno near Bovianum, and laid siege to Capua, which surrendered to him after the lapse of a year. The conquered were treated with great cruelty. (See Capua.) Some time subsequent to this, he marched against the Hirpini, Lucanians, and other nations of Italy, who, alarmed at the severities inflicted on Capua, surrendered to him the garrisons which had been placed in their cities by Hannibal (Livy, xxiii. 21; xxiv. 29; xxv. 2).


6.

M. Nobilior. Praetor in Spain B.C. 193. He carried the Roman arms to the Tagus, making himself master also of Toletum (Toledo), up to that period deemed impregnable. Having obtained the consulship, in B.C. 189, he was intrusted with the war in Greece, during which he took Ambracia, traversed Epirus as conqueror, and reduced to submission the island of Cephallenia. Two years after this he was accused before the Senate of having maltreated the allies of the Roman people, but was acquitted of the charge, and received the honour of a triumph. In the year 179 he was elected censor along with Aemilius Lepidus, his bitter foe. Apprehending injury to the State from their known enmity, the leaders of the Senate adjured both individuals to lay aside their differences for the good of their country. A reconciliation accordingly took place, and nothing occurred to disturb these friendly feelings during the rest of their joint magistracy. Fulvius raised many public structures, a basilica, a forum, etc. He also constructed a port at the mouth of the Tiber (Livy, xxxiii. 42; xxxv. 7; xx. 22, etc.). His friendship with the poet Ennius and other literary men is well known, and caused Cato the Censor to criticise him severely.


7.

Q. Flaccus. Praetor B.C. 182. He took, in this capacity, the city of Urbicua in farther Spain, and defeated the Celtiberi in the battle of Ebura, killing in this and in another encounter 35,000 men. On his return to Rome he received a triumph, and in the same year (179 B.C.) the consulship. In B.C. 174 he was elected censor along with Posthumius Albinus. These two censors were the first that paved the streets of Rome, B.C. 174. The next year he built a temple to Fortune, and, to adorn it, carried off a large portion of the marble tiles from the Temple of the Lacinian Juno in Lower Italy. The Senate compelled him to restore these. The popular account made him to have been deprived of reason for this act of sacrilege, as he committed suicide soon after (Livy, xxxix. 56, 40; xl. 16; Vell. Paterc. i. 10).


8.

M. Flaccus. Consul B.C. 125. He seconded the projects of Tiberius Gracchus to obtain for the States of Italy the rights of citizenship. Being afterwards sent against the Gauls, he defeated them, and obtained a triumph. Four years subsequently he became involved in the extreme measures of the Gracchi relative to the agrarian law, and perished in an affray which arose. See Gracchus.

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