A taper, used in the same manner as a torch (see Fax
), but made of papyrus and other fibrous plants, twisted like a rope and smeared
with pitch and wax. It was, indeed, as Antipater describes it, “a light coated with
wax” (Anth. Pal.
vi. 249). At the Saturnalia, funales were presented
by clients to their patrons, and were lighted in honour of Saturn, sometimes on other
occasions (De Off.
iii. 20). The neuter, funale
, denotes a
sort of chandelier for holding torches (Ovid,
Met. xii. 247