). The ancient writers on agriculture; for
instance (among the Greeks), the philosopher Democritus, and in later times, Xenophon, in his
No other Greek works of the kind have come down to us, except the
collection called Geoponica.
This consists of twenty books, and contains
extracts from writers of the most widely distant periods. The compiler was a Bithynian,
Cassianus Bassus, who lived about the middle of the tenth century A.D., and undertook the work
at the suggestion of the emperor Constantine VII. He based it upon a collection of extracts
made by a certain Vindanius Anatolius. Agriculture was held in high esteem by the Romans, and
the subject was in consequence a favourite one with their men of letters. A number of their
works on it have come down to us: the Res Rustica
of the elder Cato , a similar
work by the encyclopaedic scholar, Marcus Terentius Varro, the Georgica
Vergil; and after Christ the writings of Columella, Gargilius Martialis, and Palladius.
of Vergil arè in verse; as is one book of Columella.
See Beckh, De Geoponicorum Codicibus Manuscriptis (1886)
; and the
work by Gemoll (1887)
. See Scriptores Rei Rusticae.