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A sea deity, probably only another form of Poseidon, whose son he is, according to some accounts. Like the marine gods in general, he had the gift of prophecy; and we find him appearing to the Argonauts (Apoll. Rh. i. 1310 foll.), and to Menelaüs (Eurip. Orest. 356 foll.), and telling them what had happened, or what was to happen. In later times sailors were continually making reports of his soothsaying (Pausan. ix. 22). Some said that he dwelt with the Nereides at Delos, where he gave responses to all who sought them. According to others, he visited each year all the isles and coasts, with a train of monsters of the deep (κήτεα), and, unseen, foretold in the Aeolic dialect all kinds of evil. The fishermen watched for his approach, and endeavoured by fastings, prayer, and fumigations to avert the ruin with which his prophecy menaced the fruits and cattle. At times he was seen among the waves, and his body appeared covered with mussels, seaweed, and stones. He was heard evermore to lament his fate in not being able to die (Plato Rep. x. 611). This last circumstance refers to the common legendary history of Glaucus. He was a fisherman, it is said (Pausan. l. c.; Ovid, Met. xiii. 904 foll.), of Anthedon, in Boeotia. Observing one day the fish which he had caught and thrown on the grass to bite it, and then to jump into the sea, his curiosity incited him to taste it also. Immediately on his doing so he followed their example, and thus became a sea-god. Another account made him to have obtained his immortality by tasting the grass, which had revived a hare he had run down in Aetolia. He was also said to have built and steered the Argo, and to have been made a god of the sea by Zeus during the voyage. An account of the story of his love for Scylla will be found under Scylla. See Gädecken, Glaukos, der Meeresgott (Göttingen, 1860).


A son of Sisyphus, king of Corinth, by Mero pé, the daughter of Atlas, born at Potniae, a village of Boeotia. According to one account, he restrained his mares from having intercourse with the stallions; upon which Aphrodité inspired the former with such fury that they tore his body to pieces as he returned from the games which Adrastus had celebrated in honour of his father. Another version of the story makes them to have run mad after eating a certain plant at Potniae (Etymol. Mag. s. v. Ποτνιάδες; Hyg. Fab. 250; Georg. iii. 268).


A son of Minos and Pasiphaë, who, when a child, pursuing a mouse, fell into a vessel of honey and was smothered. His father, ignorant of his fate, consulted the oracle to know where he was, and received for answer that there was a three-coloured cow in his herd, and that he who could best tell what she was like could restore his son to life. The soothsayers were all assembled, and Polyidus, the son of Coiranus, said that her colour was that of the berry of the briar, green, red, and, lastly, black. Minos thereupon desired him to find his son; and Polyidus, by his skill in divination, discovered where he was. Minos then ordered him to restore him to life; and, on his declaring his incapacity so to do, shut him up in a chamber with the body of his child. While here, the soothsayer saw a serpent approach the body, and he struck and killed it. Another immediately appeared, and seeing the first one dead, retired, and came back soon after with a plant in its mouth, and laid it on the dead one, which instantly came to life. Polyidus, by employing the same herb, recovered the child. Minos, before he let him depart, insisted on his communicating his art to Glaucus. He did so, but as he was taking leave he desired his pupil to spit into his mouth. Glaucus obeyed, and lost the recollection of all he had learned (Apollod. iii. 3.1). Hyginus makes him to have been restored to life by Aesculapius (Poet. Astron. ii. 14).


The grandson of Bellerophontes, and son of Hippolochus, prince of the Lycians. With his kinsman Sarpedon, he was leader of the Lycian auxiliaries of Priam, and met Diomedes in the mêlée. The two chieftains recognized each other as friends and guests of their grandfather Bellerophontes and Oeneus, and exchanged armour, Glaucus parting with his golden suit for the brazen arms of Diomedes. When the Greek intrenchments were stormed, Glaucus had reached the top of the wall when he was put to flight by an arrow shot by Teucer. He protected Hector when wounded by Achilles; with Apollo's aid he avenged Sarpedon, and took a prominent part in the struggle for the body of Patroclus. He finally met his death at the hand of Aias.

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