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Herostrătus

Ἡρόστρατος). An Ephesian who set fire to the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus on the same night that Alexander the Great was born, B.C. 356, in order to immortalize himself. The Ephesians passed a decree condemning his name to oblivion, but as might naturally be expected, this only increased his notoriety, and made him more absolutely certain of the attainment of his object (Plut. Alex. 3; Val. Max. viii. 14, 5; Gell. ii. 6).

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